The inception of the handloom industry in India
Nov 10, 2016
The Textile industry inhabited a distinctive position in our country.
Textile sector of India is the largest economic activity after agriculture providing a range of employment opportunities to more than 50 lakh weavers.The Textile Industry was one of the earliest to come into existence in India, it accounts for 14% of the total (Industrial production), contributes to nearly 30% of the (total exports).
Thus, the growth and the development of this textile industry have a direct impact on our country’s economy. Handlooms form part of Indian rich cultural heritage also.
Today, India’s textile sector comprises four important segments:
• Modern Textile Mills
• Independent Power Looms
• Handlooms and
Handloom Products in India:
Saris, suits, Kurtas, shawls, skirts, lehenga choli, dhotis, sherwanis, kurta pajamas, jackets, caps, slippers, bed linens, table linen, cushion covers, curtain, bags and purses, carpets, mats, blankets, bedsheets, etc.
ROLE OF HANDLOOM SECTOR:
The Handloom sector plays a very supreme role in the country’s economy. It is one of the largest economic activities providing direct and indirect employment to over 65 lakhs persons engaged in weaving and allied activities. As an outcome of efficacious Government intervention through financial support and implementation of various developmental and protection schemes, this sector has been able to withstand competition from the power loom and mill sectors.
This sector contributes nearly 19% of the total items produced in the country and also adds to export earnings. Handloom is exceptional in its flexibility and versatility, permitting experimentation and encouraging innovations. The strength of Handloom lies in developing ultra-modern designs, which cannot be reproduced by the Power loom sector. Handlooms form part of Indian rich cultural heritage also and illustrate the richness and diversity of our country and the artistry of the weavers.
Some of the major programs related to:
• Marketing Support
• Infrastructural Support
• Welfare Measures
• Composite Growth-Oriented Package
• Development of Exportable Products
• Research & Development
• Modernization and Up-gradation of Technology
• Input Support
The Office of the Development Commissioner for Handlooms has been implementing, since its establishment in the year 1976, various schemes for the encouragement and development of the textile sector and providing support to the handloom weavers in a diverse number of ways.
Coordinated efforts are being made through the schemes and programs to build up production, productivity, and efficiency of the handloom sector and intensify the income and socio-economic status of the weavers by improving their knowledge and as well as infrastructural support and essential inputs are also being provided to handloom weavers.